Rose Period (1905-1906)

During Picasso’s Rose Period (1905-1906), that followed his dark and troubled Blue Period,  his palette began to lighten quite a bit, bringing a change to a “rose” tone. Not only did his palette change, but his subject matter became less depressing. It was at this time that we see the first appearances of circus performers and clowns in his work – subjects that will reappear in Picasso’s paintings throughout his career.

Here are a few examples of  Picasso’s Rose Period Images.

Woman in a Chemise (Madeleine) (1904-05)

Lady with a Fan (1905)

Two Youths (1905)

Harlequin Family (1905)

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Picassos’ blue period began with the mourning of the loss of a friend. Prior to his friends death his work was colorful, reflecting the life he and his friend had been leading. His Blue Period paintings focus on the sadder aspects and people of the world. Picasso said, “When I realized Casagemas was dead, I started to paint in blue.”

The subjects Picasso painted became bleak and desolate. Various shades of blue dominate his work, giving to them a sense of unhappiness or depression. It was as if Picasso had retreated to a strange dark world – one of saddness and despair.

At the time Picasso was a young man, just entering his twenties. He was still a struggling artist, quite able to identify with unhappy subjects of his paintngs. It is possible that his Blue Period comforted him , and helped him to not only endure the loss of a friend, but to work through a time in his life when he was struggling to be accepted.

Blue Period paintings include The Burial of Casagemas, The Frugal Repast, and The Old Guitarist.

By 1905 Picasso Blue Period had ended, giving way to his Pink Period.

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Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, Italy.  Throughout his life his interests led him to develop many talents and become many things including a mathematician, inventor, engineer, scientist, anatomist, painter, sculptor, botanist, architect, musician and writer. He has been described as a renaissance man “whose unquenchable curiosity was equaled only by his powers of invention.” Because of incredible output and diversity, Da Vinci is regarded as one of the greatest painters of all time, and quite possibily the most talented person that has ever lived. Helen Gardner remarked that “the scope and depth of his interests were without precedent…His mind and personality seem to us superhuman, the man himself mysterious and remote”.

Leonardo da Vinci died on May 2, 1519 in Amboise, Touraine which is today Indre-et-Loire,France. The Last Supper and Mona Lisa are among his greatest artistic acheivements, and in fact the Mona Lisa is among the most recognizable artworks in the world. 

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Mary Stevenson Cassatt was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, which is now part of Pittsburgh on May 22, 1844. She was an American painter and printmaker during the impressionist period. Much of her adult life was spent in France where she met artist Edgar Degas. Cassatt often painted images of the lives of women, emphasizing on the intimate bond between a mother and her child.  She died on June 14, 1926. at Château de Beaufresne, near Paris. One of the most successful women artists, her paintings have sold for as much as $2.9 million. 


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Paul Cezanne (b.1839-d.1906) French Artist

Paul Cezanne was born in France in 1839. He was a Post-Impressionist painter whose work shaped the transition from 19th century Impressionism to the new and different art in the 20th century. A quote attributed to both French artist Henri Matisse and Spanish artist Pablo Picasso identifies Cezanne as “the father of us all”. His work shows a mastery of design, with repetitive and sensitive brushstrokes that are clearly recognizable. Notable works include Still Life with Apples and Oranges (1895-1900), Woman in a Green Hat (1894-1895) and The Cardplayers (1892). Cezanne died in 1906. His work became well-known and admired, and the art world soon identified him as one of the most important artists of the 19th century, and an inspiring force to Cubism.

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Claude Monet (1840 –1926) French Impressionist Painter

Claude Monet was born in Paris, France in 1840. The style of his artwork breaks free from the typical confines of artistic composition to evolve into the groundbreaking landscape images of the Impressionist period, for which he is credited as founding. Impressionism was a movement in which painters looked to natural world for their inspiration, incorporating vibrant light and color in their art,  rather than the solemn colors of previous era. Monet died in 1926 at the age of 86. Several of his most celebrated works include Impression, Sunrise for which the Impressionist movement was named, and for his series of  approximately 250 Water Lilies paintings depicting his flower garden at Giverny.

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Piet Mondrian (b.1892-d.1944) Dutch Modern Artist

Piet Mondrian was born in the Netherlands in 1892. Beginning with landscapes, Mondrian moved through various styles, including Cubism, to arrive at his signature style. He reduced his color scheme to primary colors, and divided the blocks of color with simple black lines to create a bold new look in his Neoplastic style. His most significant works include Still Life with Ginger Pot I (1911), Composition (1916) and Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942-43). He died of pneumonia in New York City in 1944, and is celebrated for his widespread impact on the graphic arts, industrial design and architecture.

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